Cataphracts were the most heavily armored form of
cavalry in the ancient world, with riders and mounts both clad in
heavy armor. Originating among the wealthiest nobles of various
central Asian steppe tribes, such as the Massegatae and Scythians,
they were adopted and adapted by several major empires. The
Achaemenid Persians, Seleucids, Sassanians and eventually the
Romans and their Byzantine successors.
Usually armed with long lances, they harnessed... more...