On Saturday, September 9, 1922, the victorious Turkish cavalry rode
into Smyrna, the richest and most cosmopolitan city in the Ottoman
Empire. The city's vast wealth created centuries earlier by
powerful Levantine dynasties, its factories teemed with Greeks,
Armenians, Turks, and Jews. Together, they had created a majority
Christian city that was unique in the Islamic world. But to the
Turkish nationalists, Smyrna was a city of infidels. In the... more...