In the century before Chaucer a new language of political critique
emerged. In political verse of the period, composed in Anglo-Latin,
Anglo-Norman, and Middle English, poets write as if addressing the
king himself, drawing on their sense of the rights granted by Magna
Carta. These apparent appeals to the sovereign increase with the
development of parliament in the late thirteenth century and the
emergence of the common petition, and become prominent,... more...