Many consider the gospel of Matthew to be one of the most "Jewish"
texts of the New Testament. Luke-Acts, on the other hand, has
traditionally been viewed as a very "Greek" and Gentile-Christian
text. Isaac W. Oliver challenges this dichotomy, reading Matthew
and Luke-Acts not only against their Jewish "background" but as
early Jewish literature. He explores the question of Torah praxis,
especially its ritual aspects, in each writing. By assessing their
attitude toward three central markers of Jewish identity - Sabbath,
kashrut, and circumcision - Oliver argues that both Matthew and
Luke affirm the perpetuation of Torah observance within the Jesus
movement, albeit by differentiating which Mosaic commandments are
incumbent upon Jewish and Gentile followers of Jesus. Luke proves
to be just as "Jewish" as his "cousin" Matthew in so far as his
affirmation of the Mosaic Torah is concerned.