This book contains the proceedings of HMM2012, the 4th
International Symposium on Historical Developments in the field of
Mechanism and Machine Science (MMS). These proceedings cover recent
research concerning all aspects of the development of MMS from
antiquity until the present and its historiography: machines,
mechanisms, kinematics, dynamics, concepts and theories, design
methods, collections of methods, collections of models,
institutions and... more...